Spring Mountain Vineyard is arguably one of the more photogenic wineries in all of Napa Valley. The winery is located just outside of the St. Helena town limits – off of the narrow windy Spring Mountain Road connecting St. Helena to the city of Santa Rosa to the west. The oldest winery on this sizable property (La Perla Winery) dates from the early 1870s. Several other historical buildings all from the late 1800’s include an old barn containing vintage horse drawn carriages & miscellaneous winery equipment. The storied history of both this winery and property can be simply described in two words: intriguing & extensive.
Modern day Spring Mountain Vineyard dates back to 1962 when founder, Knight Michael Robbins (died 2013, unfortunately we never met him) purchased his first property on Spring Mountain and grew Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon. Mike’s background was in real estate with projects in Los Angeles and San Francisco. At one point he was also an investor in Mayacamas Winery. Mike did not establish Spring Mountain Vineyard in its current location, rather it was founded in an old Victorian house and hillside property located north of the town of St. Helena (he purchased this site in 1964).
This historic Victorian can still easily be seen while driving Highway 128 (on the west side of the highway just north of Markham Vineyards); it was built in 1878 by Fritz Rosenbaum (with the proceeds earned from his glass and mirror company based in San Francisco at the time). He called this mansion Johannaberg – named in honor of his wife Johanna. He made wine here (fermenting primarily Riesling and Zinfandel in the basement of the home) but never sold the wine. William Casey, an ophthalmologist (who we met years ago at a tasting in St. Helena) founded St. Clement in 1976 and built a winery behind the iconic historic home. He chose the name St. Clement to honor his ancestors who helped found the state of Maryland. He eventually sold St. Clement to the Japanese brewer Sapporo USA in 1987. Treasury Wine Estates was the previous owner – they sold the winery, home, land + vineyard to current owner, Huneeus Vintners in late 2016.
Despite getting his winery bond for the Victorian, Mike did not produce his Spring Mountain Vineyard wines here, because the cellar was so small. Rather he produced his earliest vintages at Heitz Cellars – located at the end of Taplin Road, west of St. Helena and also at least the 1972 vintage at Cuvaison. The first vintage of Spring Mountain Vineyards was a non-vintage Cabernet Sauvignon ‘made’ in 1971 with grapes from both 1968 and 1969, from wine already aging in barrels purchased from Joe Heitz of Heitz Cellars. A small portion of this blend was from the acclaimed Martha’s Vineyard in Oakville. And Mike’s early source for grapes was from a vineyard in Rutherford on site of what is now Mumm, Napa Valley. The image of the old Johannaberg Victorian was used on the label on several of the Spring Mountain Vineyard early wines up through the 1973 vintage.
Mike even tried to purchase Freemark Abbey Winery but was unsuccessful. The name Spring Mountain Vineyards was being used by the owners of Freemark Abbey at the time as a second label. Mike ultimately purchased the rights to this name from one of the owners, the Aherns.
One of the early owners of this property was Tiburcio Parrott (a prominent patron of the arts); he was born in 1840 in Mazatlán Mexico and died in 1894; his mother, Deloris Parrott Ochoa was his father John’s mistress from Mazatlan. Much later in life, Parrott made his way to the Napa Valley; he was a prominent vineyardist. His family was well-off; his father John, a banker and prominent San Mateo, California resident (who like Fortune Chevalier owned a mansion on Folsom Street in San Francisco), owned the Parrott Block in San Francisco – one of the city’s earliest office buildings and owned the Sulfur Bank Mine in Lake County to the north – whose products were borax & cinnabar.
Because of his family ownership of the mine and a strong moral compass, it was Tiburcio Parrott who would make labor history in 1880. Earlier that same year California legislature has passed a law prohibiting businesses from hiring Chinese employees. After the law passed Parrott refused to fire his employees and was arrested in 1880, imprisoned, released on bail and later went to trial. Ultimately his decision was validated by the courts and he was able to rehire all the employees that were forced to resign.
And this wasn’t the only mine Tiburcio was involved in, in 1874 he invested significant money (through the California Mining Company) into a town in La Plata Mountains of Southwest Colorado called Parrot’s City. This town no longer exists – the buildings are all gone, it is simply a former townsite.
But back to the Napa Valley. Tiburcio’s father John died in 1884 and later that year, his stepmother, Abby purchased this property for $28,000 for Tiburcio from a gentleman named Andrew B Forbes who already had a block of Zinfandel growing on site (they let Tiburcio move on to the property). That same year development began on what would become 125 acres of grapes along with 5,000 olive trees (olive oil was made from both olives from the estate as well as purchased olives from within the Napa Valley and Livermore) and several years later, 1,000 citrus trees and 5,000 roses (which in 1891, Tiburcio sold 1,000 of his roses to Bourne at Greystone Cellars where they were planted on their grounds). A contemporary of the Beringer Brothers, Parrott befriended and bestowed them a proper nickname, “Los Hermanos” – meaning, the brothers, in English.
He hired prominent architect Albert Schroepfer (responsible for designing the Niebaum home and the Rhine House at Beringer Vineyards) to design a mansion that he called Miravelle (literally translates to ‘look valley’). This impressive structure was built in 1885 with rock quarried from Howell Mountain (perhaps, but only speculation, the same quarry on either the former Arns Winery property, which are now ponds, or on what is now the Terraces Winery (both former quarries supplied stone for what is now the Culinary Institute of America at Greystone in St. Helena). A. Borla was the stone mason of record. Parrott liked to call his property the Chateau Margaux of America.
A number of well known personalities have visited the property over the years – including namesake for the Pulitzer Prize, Joseph Pulitzer who stayed with Tiburcio here in April of 1888 and Andrew Carnegie. For a time, the Parrott’s niece lived with them on the property (Therese Hamlin who married the famous singer Richard Jose – known for his haunting rendition of Silver Threads Among The Gold).
Tiburcio’s gravesite + Parrott Drive, San Mateo
The nearby carriage house still contains old wooden carriages and was referred to as the ‘owl house’ by Tiburcio (one understands why he called it this when one views the exterior). Parrott’s primary wooden carriage is still housed on site – with a horn in the back to alert the brothel at the time, the Stone Bridge Salon and Brothel which was located on the eastern part of Pope Street (near the Pope Street Bridge and on the edge of the grounds of what is the Upper Valley Campus (UVC) of Napa Valley College in St. Helena of his impending arrival. And Tiburcio’s old olive oil press is still located next to the carriage house.
By some miracle, this carriage house survived the Glass Fire in 2020 – the fire burned trees right up to the back of the house and embers even started burning a small section of wood next to a window on the upper story – but the building remarkably survived intact.
Parrott produced a red wine called Margaux and a white burgundy up until he died in Miravelle prematurely in 1894 from stomach cancer (only 54 years old) – he suffered a fracture of his left kneecap in February that same year at the Occidental Hotel in San Francisco – but that accident was presumably no way related to the cause of his death. At the time of his death, he had only produced a handful of vintages from the property. His wines were award winning – even posthumously taking home a gold and a bronze medal in 1896 from the Atlanta Exposition.
After he died, his widow Therese Tuffy (who he married in 1888 and was previously the maid at the Beringer Rhine House) moved from the property to the other side of the valley, taking up residence on Howell Mountain. She lived a very long life, having died at age 94 in 1951. The first floor of the old house was used as a roller skating rink by locals for some 30+ years using the 1 inch thick wooden floors. The house was uninhabited from 1895 to 1940 and at one point in the 1930s was owned by an investment company; in 1941 attorney and Oakland Central Bank Director, William Hyde and his wife purchased the property and lived inside Miravelle. They oversaw the construction of the swimming pool (which is located on the east side of the mansion).
Tiburcio and Therese are buried at the St. John Cemetery in San Mateo – the land for this cemetery was donated by Tiburcio’s step mom Abby (the Tiburcio mausoleum is arguably one of the highlights of visiting this cemetery). For reference, Tiburcio and Therese’s gravesite is located slightly to the west of teh mausoleum. Nearby Parrott Drive, which winds through the exclusive and hilly town of Hillsborough, is named after Tiburcio’s father John who owned some 400 acres in town, called the Parrott Baywood estate.
In 1974, Mike purchased what was called the Parrott Estate and the Miravelle mansion. Soon after acquiring this historic property, Mike restored the stately old Victorian and built a winery – moving Spring Mountain Vineyards to its current location. And astute long time followers of the Spring Mountain Vineyards wines will notice that the image on their bottles appropriately changed from the 1973 vintage to the 1974, now reflecting the Miravelle mansion instead of Johannaberg (the former home of Spring Mountain Vineyard and today home of Faust Wines).
From 1975 to 1979 Robbins had the winery constructed on site to roughly resemble the ‘city hall’ in Disneyland. Prior to construction, an old shed stood in front of the cave entrance. Materials in part were reclaimed from old homes in San Francisco that were being torn down at the time.
In addition to producing excellent wines under Mike’s ownership, Spring Mountain Vineyards was one of several Napa wineries to appear in the TV Show, Falcon’s Crest. Mike even released several wines under the Falcon Crest label in the early 1980s. And the winery was one of a select few featured in the 1976 Paris Tasting – the 1973 Spring Mountain Vineyards Chardonnay took 4th place.
Switzerland based businessman, film producer, investor in Encyclopædia Britannica and Merriam-Webster among numerous other interests, Jacqui (Jacob) Safra purchased and combined three historical wineries (four adjoining vineyard sites) between 1992 and 1996 – Miravelle, Chateau Chevalier and La Perla, totaling 845 acres of which 225 is planted to vine. For perspective, Spring Mountain Vineyard is slightly larger then New York’s Central Park.
Located at 400 feet, Miravelle is the lowest winery site on the property and is also where visitors to the property are hosted.
Villa Miravelle exterior
Villa Miravelle, interior
Heading up the property to about 1000 feet is Chateau Chevalier. The property was first planted to grapes in 1870 by Jacob Beringer (of Beringer Vineyards). Its namesake is French born Fortune Chevalier (1814-1899) who trained as a stain glass artist who sailed around the Horn of South America arriving in California in 1850. He lived in Santa Cruz county for a few years – establishing that county’s first saw mill. Despite speaking only broken English, he operated a successful business; in 1857 he moved to Placerville and founded F. Chevalier and Co bottling and selling a variety of whiskies and other alcoholic products primarily to those who had worked the gold fields and settled in this part of the state. He also lived in Sacramento in the ensuing years.
He purchased what would become the Chateau Chevalier property on Spring Mountain in 1884 and five years later deeded the site to his son George (whose own 9-year old son Hilaire was killed in mid summer 1914 while walking down stone steps leading to the swimming pool when the barrel of his 22-calibre Winchester rifle fell to the steps, the bullet going off and striking him in the stomach). He later died early the next morning. Incidentally this original pool is still fairly intact, a short walk from the walls of Chateau Chevalier.
The family built the original mansion here in 1891 and also finished construction of the still standing gorgeous gravity-flow stone winery, Chateau Chevalier in 1892. Some of Fortune’s original stain glass windows still are in place in the building.
And like Tiburcio, George Chevalier also knew the Beringers, how close the families were to each other, we cannot say, but according to a mention in the Napa Journal from April 27, 1901 Jacob Beringer sold 82 acres to George Chevalier for the sum of $10.
By 1895 Chevalier owned/housed approximately 400,000 gallons of bulk made wine through a one-time acquisition from St. Helena Winery, Dowdell & Co. According to an article in the Napa Register, this transaction was the largest wine sale ever made in the state of California at the time. Fortune died in April of 1899. The 1906 earthquake destroyed the Chevalier family home on Folsom Street in San Francisco as well as their wine warehouses (over the years they maintained properties in San Francisco at 614 Front Street and 520 Washington Street). What is remarkable is that the Chevalier mansion was located very close to the Parrott mansion (620 Folsom Street), both on the same street and both owning property on Spring Mountain. We have not yet found any record both families knew each other or socialized, but it is very likely they did based on their status in society and proximity of both their San Francisco and Napa Valley properties.
Chevalier first business site, 614 Front Street, San Francisco (1872-1876)
Chevalier second business site, 520 Washington Street, San Francisco (1877-1895)
George Chevalier sold his Spring Mountain property in 1916 to the John Grennan – a real estate developer living in San Francisco (perhaps in part to distance themselves from both the property and the memories of the shooting tragedy) who then sold to another short time owner, the Cuvellier family who in turn sold to Howard Hamilton Hart in 2018. The Hart’s never produced wine from the property during their ownership. Hart’s stories and family read like something out of a combined epic soap opera, drama and an adventure film. After running away from his family in Indiana at age 12, Howard eventually headed west and early in his career became a cowboy in Colorado, later a prospector and with George Carmack, were early gold miners at Bonanza Creek in the Yukon Territory, (site of the Klondike gold rush); we have seen historical references in old newspapers that Hart built the first cabin at Bonanza Creek. The sizable, *very remote* and lengthy Hart River in the Yukon Territory is named after him. Those looking to gain access to this river can do so by using Yukon based Black Sheep Aviation, flying out of the tiny outpost of Mayo (about a 3 hour drive out of Dawson City).
His efforts ultimately left him broke when he lost all his findings and according to one article in the St. Helena Star from August 5, 1927, he narrowly escaped death on the SS Islander steamship shipwreck (ran into an iceberg or large rock) in 1901 near Juneau Alaska (in which at least 40 lives were lost and a value at that time of $500,000 to 2 million in gold – roughly 13,300 ounces in total). In 2012 some 1200 ounces of gold were finally recovered (only a portion of the estimated overall amount) and were later auctioned off in 2016. Either some of this gold that was retrieved from the deep was part of Hart’s findings or his gold still remains at the bottom of the sea.
Later he was an oilman (at one point President of Caribou Oil Mining Company) who got in on the early stages of the developing Coalinga Oil Field in California where he made his riches. He was also a stock broker and a philanthropist. Hart’s family included 5 children – all adopted including two nieces from his brother John and two of which were simply left on the doorstep of their 43-room family home in Berkeley – one of which was claimed by the real mother shortly after abandoning it. This mansion was unfortunately demolished in 1939 because one of his adopted daughters, Orpha Hart Vickers and her husband became tired of paying taxes on the old place and they weren’t able to sell it). Hart died in 1927 at age 75.
After acquiring the Chateau Chevalier property, Hart decided to call the property Harthaven and use it primarily as a summer home. Although we have found a reference to the Hart’s soon after their purchase referring to their property as Chateau la Houtrisse. The old stone Harthaven marker is located next to this properties’ driveway off of Spring Mountain Road. Incidentally a large portion of their original driveway slid into York Creek next to Spring Mountain Road many years ago – so a new road had to be built after Safra purchased the property. And of historical note: was was the nearby York Creek Dam (St. Helena Waterworks) was sometimes used in reference in old articles from the St. Helena Star about nearby Spring Mountain Vineyard properties; this reservoir was built in 1878 and was the original water supply for St. Helena through to the 1920s – it was completely removed in the summer of 2020.Unfortunately the original mansion near and built at the same time as Chateau Chevalier burned down in 1927 when the Hart’s butler moved a mattress close to the fireplace to warm up, after becoming drunk. So they rebuilt another mansion in most of the same footprint of the previous structure. Incredibly this one also burned down, in 1936. Mrs. Louise Scholler Hart (Howard’s first wife Orpha Campbell Hart previously died and Louise was his second wife and housekeeper initially before they married) was trapped inside at the time of the fire – but did escape with her life although was left with permanent disfiguring scars, most prominent on her face and refused to leave the property having then given up on rebuilding the home a 3rd time in the same place – but rather a pre-fab home was built in 1937 in a new location on the property about 1/4 mile away (this house was abandoned and was also burned to the ground, but intentionally by the St. Helena Fire Department who were granted permission to use the old house for a ‘practice run’). Mrs. Hart died in 1953 in San Francisco.
The remnants of what were formidable formal gardens can still be seen around Chateau Chevalier including a number of stone steps, terraces, a pool and several small structures whose uses remain a mystery. Remarkably a portion of the original hedge maze/walkway next to where the pre-fab home was built in 1937 was still alive until September 2020 when it was completely burned in the Glass Fire. And what was an incredible rarity in the Napa Valley – a wooden carriage house stood until also being burned to the ground by the Glass Fire leaving nothing but ash, charred timbers which fell to the side of the structure, all lined up in a row – from the building as it was burning and numerous square nails (it was built in the early 1890s).
The Harts sold the property in 1941 to the Leslie Rogers family who built a living space in the second floor of Chateau Chevalier and while also restoring it. They sold the property in the early 1960s to friends who purchased it as a timeshare. In 1969 the Bissonette family (along with initial partner James Frew) acquired the property and resumed commercial winemaking for the first time in 1972 from purchased fruit. Their 1972 vintage was a Clements District Late Harvest Zinfandel (unfiltered and unfined). The first estate wines produced at Chateau Chevalier were from the 1974 vintage and were labeled Mountainside Vineyards (produced and bottled by Mountainside Winery). At their height around 60 acres were in production with wines selectively distributed at restaurants in a number of states. Gregory Bissonette was a former jet fighter pilot (served in Korea) and San Francisco based stock broker; he and his wife Kathy (Kay) moved into the second floor of Chateau Chevalier and raised their six children here (both Greg and Kay are deceased). Spring Mountain Vineyard even produced several wines bottled as Chateau Chevalier Cabernet Sauvignon wines between approximately 2003 and 2009.
Eventually Napa Valley vintner Gil Nickel and his brother John purchased the site from the Bissonette’s in 1983 – they were going to rename this site to Nickel & Nickel but then John decided to move back to Oklahoma and with vines infected with phyloxxera at the time, they sold the property in 1993. However during their ownership, they did register the old winery with the National Register of Historic Places and the did produce wines at least initially under the Chateau Chevalier label.
The label for their 1984 bottle of Chardonnay was designed by John Nickel and Ralph Colonna (Ralph helped work on the original drawings for the iconic Silver Oak wine label) and the tiny engraving on the label was produced by Master Engraver Robert Swartley (he died in 2016 and was also responsible for the engraving for Abreu Vineyards, among others).
The 1984 Chateau Chevalier Chardonnay (tasted 36 years after vintage – we tried two bottles) are both deep amber in color with plenty of bottled aged aromatics including prune, candied orange peel and ripe sweetness including honey and apricot. Its fun to smell these aromatics from a variety we never evaluate with this much age on it. One bottle was undrinkable. The other almost as such; it still showed its acidity but with the fruit taking on a slightly nutty character along with some harsh citrus notes including lemon.
Rising in elevation to around 1200 feet is the Beringer brothers’ original vineyard site, planted in 1882.
Topping out at about 1,600 feet is one of the older wineries in the Napa Valley; La Perla was founded by George Charles Lemme and dates from the early 1870s (possibly construction began in 1873 and was completed by 1876). Lemme’s son Rudolph would eventually marry Alice McPike, granddaughter of Dr. George Belden Crane (one of the Napa Valleys’ most prominent pioneering viticulture families). Tragically the old winery burnt down in late September 2020 – with its stone walled first floor built into the side of the hill with an enormous wooden second floor that was used for various storage, including numerous historical items. Some of the original wooden carriages were housed here – some with wooden brake pads, others with at the time, state of the art leather brake pads. And an ever flowing trickle of water from a naturally occurring spring flows through a sculpture mounted into a rock wall in front of the winery.
Wine was made commercially here through 1919 when Prohibition became the law of the land. But wine continued to be made at the winery during parts of Prohibition – being sold to family in New York. No wine was made here commercially during later ownership.
On the hillsides surrounding the winery is where Lemme planted by hand the first ever Cabernet Sauvignon vines in the mid 1870s – in what is now the Spring Mountain District. At its peak, his vineyard was 65 acres. It is truly a trek to drive here – on a narrow windy road that climbs well above the valley floor. And one can only imagine how long it took primitive wooden horse drawn carriages to make this journey.
Interestingly the Schilling family (known for founding Schilling Spices in San Francisco – now Mcormick Spices owned this particular part of the property) are related to another Napa Valley winery family, the Steltzners (as told to us by Allison Steltzner during a lovely visit at her place in Uruguay). The connection with the Schilling family was through marriage – George Charles Lemme’s daughter Agnes married into the Schilling family (August Schilling). In 1903 the Schilling family incorporated their vineyards as Spring Mountain Vineyard Company.
And what is a truly intriguing piece of history – are the two military wooden barracks that were constructed presumably in the early 1940s built just below La Perla. After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor the United States built a number of forts and other military outposts up and down the west coast. We can find very little information about this – but these two barracks were apparently one of these hidden outposts and were staffed with military for some time. In later years they served as worker housing.
And Draper Vineyards operated here for a number of years beginning in 1944 when Jerome C Draper purchased this property from Russian immigrant Herman Hummel; Herman was hired by the Lemme family initially to help work in the vineyards. The old Draper home (dates from 1971) stood here until it burned down in September 2020, a casualty of the devastating Glass Fire. The surrounding gardens were designed by prominent landscape architect, Thomas Church (California post modern). Apparently Church enjoyed his negronis because he always requested the Drapers have one waiting for him when he arrived on property.
This is one of the more incredible home locations in all of the Napa Valley – it sits on a knoll with expansive vistas in all directions – connected to a strip of land with another knoll slightly higher (the highest point on the property). And from here on a clear day, one can see much of the Napa Valley spread out far below.
This is not the only Church influence in the Napa Valley – he also designed the gardens at William Cole Winery located just north of St. Helena. The house is empty and has not been lived in since the 1980s – a visit is like walking back in time with the era look and feel of the interior.
Over the years, the Drapers had sizable real estate holdings in both the central valley near Modesto and in the Napa Valley having owned over 1,000 acres in Carneros.
While Draper Vineyards never made commercial wine, they sold their grapes to a number of prominent wineries. No relation to Paul Draper, who coincidentally began purchasing grapes from Stanford University college classmate Fritz Maytag on Spring Mountain starting in the 1970s for some of his wines at Ridge Vineyards (a relationship that continues today). We met with Jerome Draper Jr (Jerry) for more insights into his family’s holdings in the Napa Valley (at 96 years young at the time of our conversations, his memory is still like a vice – quick to recall specific dates, people, and stories).
Like his father, Jerry also enjoyed a career in real estate (developing Northgate Mall in San Rafael, Quail Hill and Northgate Industrial Park). In addition, he owned Draper and Esquin, an importer of wines and at one point operated a wine shop in San Francisco and in Paris. Later he founded Draper Farms in 1995 in San Anselmo. In 1971 he co-founded the San Francisco based Vintner’s Club (still in business) with Lee Foster (Ravenswood) with the early tastings held above Jerry’s office and always attracting the whose who of the wine world. Over the years, the club has influenced and provided education for numerous winemakers or vintners. Those interested in more information about the early days of the Vintners Club and their 1x a week 12-wines blind tastings can reference: Vintners Club – Fourteen Years of Wine Tastings 1973-1987 by Mary-Ellen Mcneil-Draper. Incidentally Jerry wanted to be an investor in Ravenswood Winery with Lee, but due to Alcoholic Beverage Control (ABC) regulations he was not able to do so (since he already was involved in a number of other wine ventures).
And Jerry helped organized the first ‘rematch’ blind tasting of the Paris Tasting of 1976 – hosted at the Vintner’s Club in 1978 and even flew Stephen Spurrier over to oversee the tasting.
Jerry has loads of stories about his time in the Napa Valley from working at his family’s 1,100 acre Rancho Rincon in Carneros (part of the historic Stanly Ranch; the Draper property was named after the original Rancho Rincón de los Carneros land grant) for 50 cents/hour in the 1940s, recalling how he and his wife Norma’s entire grocery bill for 1948, they year they were married was $31 – all spent at W F Giugni & Son Grocery in St. Helena (well before it became a deli), hunting pheasants with André Tchelistcheff, fun parties his family used to host on Spring Mountain and the time their family property was mentioned in an extensive National Geographic article about the Napa Valley (May 1979 issue). The magazine printed an aerial photograph of their family home and surrounding vineyards, taken by Napa Valley based photographer Charles O’Rear – originally the magazine was going to caption the photography as La Perla but Jerry’s mother Virginia decided that was not a good idea and told the magazine to leave the name of Draper Vineyard out of the article.
Close friend, Martin Stelling (owner of the majority of To Kalon Vineyard in the 1940s), a bit sauced on good wine at Jerry’s engagement party – offered Jerry one of his homes rent-free for the rest of his life should he be interested. This home is the pool house that still sits on what is now property in Oakville owned by the Detert family (Detert Family Vineyards).
And his father Jerome helped introduce the Davies family to Katharine Cebrian, the owner at the time of Schramsberg. After the successful sale, Jerry asked his father what their commission would be on the sale. His father simply told him there are no family commissions! The Draper Vineyard manager at the time, Joe Torres helped oversee the initial plantings at Schramsberg under the Davies ownership. And one day when a coyote killed all the ducks in a pond on the property, Jerry quickly took action, found a place in Sonoma that sold Mallard ducks – and soon had them swimming in the pond.
Jerry recalls the first grapes his family sold from their Spring Mountain property were to Lee Stewart at Chateau Souverain. Later, Lee introduced his young winemaking helper at the time, David Lett to Jerome Draper. The Drapers gave him permission to take cuttings from their vineyard of Chardonnay (which they had sourced from Wente Vineyards in Livermore, years earlier). David did so and took them to Oregon where in part these cuttings were planted in the first vineyard for what would become David and his wife Diana’s Eyrie Vineyards. And this ‘Draper Chardonnay’ was part of the first ever Chardonnay vines planted in all of the Willamette Valley.
Jerry and his sister inherited the La Perla site when their parents died in the mid 1980s. Jerry wanted to keep the property – his sister did not. They ended up selling after a contentious and legal battle. Jerry made sure his former employees were treated very well from part of the proceeds from the sale; he recalls one of his employees broke down into tears after receiving a fairly substantial check.
Part of the 1959 film staring Rock Hudson, The Earth is Mine was filmed at La Perla. Jerry recalls the gorgeous and leading actress of this film, Jean Simmons forgot her sunglasses at their property one day after wrapping up some filming and had already returned to the motel where she was staying. His father Jerome offered to drive them over to her motel and drop them off at her room – Jerry remembers his mother saying something like, ‘oh the hell you will’!
La Perla Winery
2020 Glass Fire
On Sunday morning September 27th 2020, the first report of a fire burning on upper North Fork Crystal Springs Road (Cakebread’s Dancing Bear Vineyard) was called in at 350am. The next few days the fire spread rapidly through parts of the actual valley floor eventually causing fires in the Mayacamas mountains including in the Spring Mountain sub appellation. By the time the fires had finished burning nearly 20 Napa wineries sustained significant damage including many on Spring Mountain.
Long time vineyard manager Ron Rosenbrand (son of former winemaker at Beaulieu Vineyard Theo Rosenbrand) lives on the property and through his own efforts and of the fire departments of Burbank, Malibu and San Luis Obispo – was able to save the lower property including the Miravelle Mansion and the winery. The fire burned right up to the mansion even the palm trees were burned. Remarkably the old carriage house near the winery did not burn despite the fire burning through vineyards all the way to the edge of the structure and even burning through a small portion of the exterior on the second floor. It is somewhat of a miracle that this building remains intact.
Unfortunately Ron’s own home burned to the ground as did a number of other extremely valuable historical buildings. As a result, Ron and his family moved into the old Miravalle mansion – the first permanent residents since the Robbins family.
Looking back a year after this fire, about 50% of their vineyards were ultimately distroyed.
Spring Mountain’s property lies just west of Beringer Vineyards and extends from near the valley floor to the upper reaches of the Mayacamas mountains. Few contiguous winery owned properties in the Napa Valley span such a diverse elevation gain. Due to the differences in altitude, this property offers a wide diversity of soil types and growing conditions including the inherent differences in micro climates based on the elevation differences from the near valley floor to the upper most steep hillsides.
The vineyards are farmed extremely sustainable using cover crops, no herbicides or pesticides, using organic compounds to protect against mildew and protecting and nurturing beneficial insects.
It should also be noted that the vast majority of their vineyards are planted on steep or terraced slopes (vineyard blocks that could never be developed today because of an ordinance prohibiting vineyard development on slopes greater then 30% due to erosion concerns). The vineyards are sub-divided into small blocks based on each block’s unique fruit characteristics or soil types. These blocks are kept separate during fermentation and the subsequent aging and it is only during the blending trials will the wine from the various blocks be blended together.
Spring Mountain Vineyard used to employ several wine consultants from both Bordeaux and Burgundy. These consultants would make the trip over to the winery several times a year. The property has been associated with several winemakers over the past few decades including Craig MacLean, Craig Becker and Jac Cole.
Guests can opt to reserve a tasting only, but we highly recommend the combined tour and tasting which takes about 90 minutes. This is one of the nicer tours and tastings in the valley but be sure to book well ahead of your tour date, as these experiences generally fill up weeks in advance.
The grounds are beautiful – featuring a wide variety of Mediterranean shrubs and trees including numerous olive trees. In complete contrast to the Mediterranean foliage is their sub-tropical garden containing palms and bananas; it is remarkable these plants do so well in Northern California. Also look for the Norfolk Pines growing outdoors; since this is a sub tropical tree, it rarely grows outside in this part of the state. The tiny vineyard block next to the winery is managed by employees – each employee takes care of a single row of vines throughout the year.
The tour briefly visits the wine cave; guests will notice that the original cave is dwarfed in size when compared to their much expanded modern cave. However, it is worth seeing from a historical perspective as this was hand cut with pick axes by Chinese workers in 1885 (one of a very select few wine caves in the Napa Valley that date from the 1800s – others being Storybook Mountain, Beringer, Del Dotto in Napa and Stags’ Leap Winery). What used to take years to tunnel out a rather short cave using hand tools – is today a much quicker process using modern cave drilling machines. The “new” cave is about 20,000 square feet.
Mr. Safra spends much of his time in Europe; a few rooms in his private residence are included on the tour if he is not actually staying on site. His “carriage” house is a real gem; it underwent a major renovation and shows very nicely now. The entire property was closed to the public for almost 10 years during these renovations. No expense was spared in this house. Visitors will taste in a beautifully furnished room; the chandelier that sits above your head used to be in one of Rupert Murdoch’s homes (later purchased by Mr. Safra). A number of sports players and other celebrities have also toured this property over the years.
Spring Mountain Vineyard concentrates on red wines (although they do make an estate Sauvignon Blanc). Some Pinot Noir is also grown on site which is extremely rare in this “hotter” part of the valley, but they have found a cool spot on their property for this. Only several other Spring Mountain wineries actually grow Pinot Noir – all in small amounts.
Spring Mountain Vineyard produces excellent Syrah and Cabernet Sauvignon. One of their Cabernet Sauvignon blocks still producing was planted in 1954 – along with select vines at Scarecrow in Rutherford (1945), a one-acre part of the Monastery Block in Robert Mondavi’s To Kalon Vineyard (1945), a section within the MacDonald Vineyard in Oakville (1954)and a small block at Grgich Hills (1959), these are among the oldest Cabernet Sauvignon vineyards in all of Napa Valley.
The wine that they are most known for is Elivette, a Cabernet Sauvignon based wine which is blended with small amounts of various Bordeaux varieties; the varieties and blend percentages change from year to year. The first vintage of this wine was from 1999 – it is made from some of the most prized vineyard blocks on the property ranging in elevation. This wine is named in honor of Jacqui’s parents – combining parts of their first names. The select vintages we have tasted over the years all have excellent acidity and other hallmarks for long term aging.
The 2004 Spring Mountain Vineyard Elivette Reserve is a very aromatic wine both with fruit and its floral characteristics. Dark fruit is at the core of the palate with structured firm tannins anchoring a long finish. This Bordeaux styled wine has excellent natural acidity, fruit and structure to age for many years.
The 2008 Spring Mountain Vineyard Elivette offers darker fruit on the bouquet including aromas of Santa Rosa plum and blackberry along with some lavender notes. Takes some time to coax out the aromas – so let this wine breathe. Offers a noticeable and notable density and richness of fruit across the palate. The richness of flavor is complemented by the structure of the tannins; big, chewy and long lasting. This wine still has plenty of years of ahead (tasted 12 years after vintage date).
It is noteworthy to mention that some of the older Spring Mountain Vineyard red wines we have tried show the influence of brettanomyces (or commonly referred to in the industry, as brett). Former Brand Manager, Aida Parsa mentioned that their wines started showing cleaner sometime between the years of 2005 and 2007. Brett is a type of yeast that often shows its resulting attributes well after primary fermentation has occurred due to its slow growing nature. It can remain on used barrels from vintage to vintage but can also be on new barrels. Many consider brett a flaw, an infection if you will, due to improper hygiene in the cellar, but others consider this an additional source of character or complexity in wines. We fall in the latter camp – for several reasons. Most of our tastings are of current release Napa Valley wines which are ‘clean’ and reflect the fruit rather then additional influences from brett. In addition we don’t mind a bit of brett (up to a point). Therefore, its more of a novelty these days when we get to try Napa Valley wines with some brett influence.
Characteristics can include sweaty leather and barnyard like aromas among other both appealing and non appealing aromatic attributes. For more information about this type of yeast, please refer to sommelier Kelly White’s award winning article (Louis Roederer International Wine Writers’ Awards 2019) about brettanomyces here.
The 1997 Spring Mountain Estate is 77% Cabernet Sauvignon, 20% Merlot and 3% Cabernet Franc. Tasted 23 years after the vintage date. Opens immediately on the bouquet with aromas of sweaty leather, truffle oil, mushroom and a darker forest floor note. Also hints of baking spices. The palate shows flavors of black licorice, a sweet berry note, red cherries, dried herbs and hints of brown chocolate. Juicy, mouth watering – great acidity. Savory. Lingers with a light grip of dusty well-integrated tannins. Still drinking quite well despite its age.
The 2003 Spring Mountain Estate offers darker aromatics including leather, plum and some floral notes. Hints of anise, dark chocolate and some earthy notes also present. Juicy across the palate with a sweetness of both fruit and oak. Bright still, despite 17 years post vintage date. On the palate, licorice and rhubarb along with some savory attributes. Mouth watering on the finish with still somewhat tight tannins – lingers with darker spices including notes of pepper. This wine is a pleasure to drink.
The 2011 Spring Mountain Estate Cabernet Sauvignon immediately showcases a ‘cleaner’ bouquet then the older vintages of this wine. The aromatics are about the fruit – elegant, reflecting this vintage’s cooler growing season. Notes of blackberry and blueberry with a kiss of mocha and espresso. Also nuances of dried herbs including sage and more in the background, dust. Let this wine open – the fruit continues to evolve nicely. Mouth watering, bright acidity with a tartness of cherry and plum on the finish. The tannins are still a bit tightly woven – dry in their feel, they are well-defined and linger for some time.
Spring Mountain Vineyard’s prices are quite reasonable based on the fairly small quantities of wine actually made each year. What is also fairly unique among Napa wineries is they have select older vintages available for purchase – both onsite and online (discounts are given for club members). In 2018, Spring Mountain Vineyard began holding back more fruit for their own wines – therefore increasing their own production.
We have tapped into numerous resources to write this review. A big thanks goes out to the various staff at Spring Mountain Vineyard including their Director, Keith Baker who is as obsessed with history as we are, a visit and multiple chats with Jerry Draper, newspapers.com, Tiburcio Parrott, the Man Who built Miravalle-Falcon Crest by Jourdan George Meyers, John Parrott 1811 1884 by Barbara Donohoe Jostes and a number of other sources.
For more information, to join one of their wine clubs or simply spend time browsing their extremely informational rich website including what contains probably the best viticulture and enology section of any Napa winery website, visit: www.springmountainvineyard.com
OTHER SAFRA OWNED PROPERTIES
Parknasilla Resort & Spa + Rossdohan Island
A visit and a stay, and photographs coming when we take yet another trip back to Europe specifically focusing on Napa Valley connected properties. We were near here in 2019 following the heritage of Chase Family Cellars but will try to return in Spring/Summer 2022 or 2023.
Ella Valley Winery, Israel
This winery was founded in 1998 and now produces upwards of 300,000 bottles a year. In the late 1990s, Stag’s Leap Wine Cellars Vineyard manager, Rex Geitner oversaw the vineyard development for the winery (Rex had worked on vineyards at Chappellet and Diamond Creek). Today the winery owns three different vineyard sites including a vineyard near the winery. A return visit to Israel is needed to visit the winery, the vineyard sites and to taste the wines. Additional notes coming in Spring/Summer 2022 or 2023.